Fishing Creek Watershed

The Watershed, with Fishing Creek as its central artery, is a 450 square mile region, encompassing one of Pennsylvania’s finest recreational areas. The watershed spreads into five counties including southern Sullivan, northern Columbia, and western Luzerne counties, with small tributaries extending from SW Lycoming and NW Montour counties. The mouth of Fishing Creek empties into the Susquehanna River near Bloomsburg and the waters are carried into the Chesapeake Bay.

Natural History

The Fishing Creek Watershed drainage is in the heart of the Appalachian Mountains extending from Maine to Georgia. These are some of the oldest mountains on earth. This area lies over a formation of gray sandstone and conglomerates, and the deeper valleys have eroded through this formation to rock strata consisting of reddish brown shale and sandstone. A major portion of the Watershed is forested consisting of northern hardwood and transition types with associated species of plants and animals adapted specifically to this habitat. The region is presently rural with farming a primary physical and economic component.

So What’s the Problem?

Factors both internal and external to the region deteriorate the health and quality of the Watershed’s ecosystem. For example, airborne pollutants from outside the area create acid rain, which seriously affect terrestrial and aquatic habitats. Within the Watershed, improper land use can result in soil erosion, flooding, and habitat destruction and fragmentation. The health of the Watershed and its ecosystem affects the quality of life and economic well being of local people and those downstream.

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